Sunday, May 24, 2020
Tom Hayden (December 11, 1939Ã¢â¬âOctober 23, 2016) was an American anti-war activist and the co-founder of Students for a Democratic Society. In later life, he was elected to public office in California. Fast Facts: Tom Hayden Known For: Co-founder of the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and a political activist focused on anti-war efforts, civil rights, and progressivism in American politicsOccupation: Activist, author, professor, and politicianBorn: December 11, 1939Ã in Royal Oak, MichiganDied: October 23, 2016Ã in Santa Monica, CaliforniaSpouse(s): Casey CasonÃ (m. 1961Ã¢â¬â1962), Jane FondaÃ (m. 1973Ã¢â¬â1990), Barbara WilliamsÃ (m. 1993Ã¢â¬â2016)Children: Troy Garity, Liam Jack Diallo Hayden Early Life Hayden was born in Royal Oak, Michigan, to Genevieve and John Hayden. His father, a former Marine of Irish Catholic descent, was an accountant for Chrysler. The Haydens divorced when Thomas was ten, in large part due to JohnÃ¢â¬â¢s violent alcoholic tendencies. Hayden was raised by his mother and grew up attending Catholic elementary school, but he broke with the Church when he grew older. Hayden began his career as the editor of his high schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s newspaper. He then went on to attend the University of Michigan, where he served as the editor of the student newspaper, the Michigan Daily. It was at this time that he became more politically active, eventually co-founding the leftist student group Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). He met his first wife, Sandra Cason, through their shared activism, and the couple married in 1961. Radical Activism Hayden began his larger-scale activism as a Freedom Rider in the South, riding into the segregated South to protest the non-compliance with a Supreme Court ruling that had made segregated buses unconstitutional. As president of the SDS, Hayden drafted their manifesto, the Port Huron Statement, which became an early inspiration for the Ã¢â¬Å"New LeftÃ¢â¬ and young, radical leftist movement in the United States. After divorcing Cason in 1962, Hayden moved to Newark, New Jersey, where he worked from 1964 to 1968 with inner-city residents and witnessed the 1967 Ã¢â¬Å"race riots,Ã¢â¬ which he attributed to more than just racial conflict. It was in 1965, however, that Hayden began his more visible and controversial activism. Alongside Communist Party USA member Herbert Aptheker and Quaker peace activist Staughton Lynd, Hayden visited North Vietnam, touring villages and factories. He continued his anti-war activities into 1968, when he joined the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam and protested outside the Democratic National Convention. Those protests led to his indictment, along with several of his fellow protestors, on charges of incitement to riot and conspiracy. Their case became known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Chicago SevenÃ¢â¬ (named after the city where the convention and protests occurred), and although Hayden and other protestors were initially convicted of crossing state lines with the intention to riot, the decision was later reversed, and the government did not retry the case. Following the trial, Hayden continued to make highly visible visits to Vietnam and Cambodia, the latter of which had been drawn into the war under the Nixon administration. Hayden had become involved romantically with actress Jane Fonda, who was also an anti-war protestor and famously took a trip to Hanoi, the North Vietnamese capital, in 1972. The couple married in 1973 and welcomed their son, Troy Garity (given HaydenÃ¢â¬â¢s motherÃ¢â¬â¢s maiden name for his surname). He also founded the Indochina Peace Campaign, which organized anti-war dissent and fought for amnesty for those who dodged being drafted. Entry into Politics In 1976, Hayden made his first political move when he challenged incumbent Senator John V. Tunney for a California Senate seat. Although he was initially viewed as a fringe candidate, he wound up finishing a strong second in the Democratic primary. In the 1980s, he served in the California state assembly and, in the 1990s, in the state senate. Hayden served on the advisory board of the Progressive Democrats of America, a political organization and grassroots political action committee created to advocate for more progressive policy within the Democratic Party. He also became a strong advocate for animal rights and authored a bill that improved protections for pets and shelter animals. Throughout his career, Hayden taught at the university level at several California universities. For the most part, his courses specialized in social movements, political science, and history of protests. He also authored or edited nearly 20 books. Later Life In 1990, Hayden and Fonda divorced; three years later, he married his third wife, Barbara Williams, a Canadian-American actress. The couple adopted a son, Liam, who was born in 2000. The 2016 election would be the last campaign season he participated in: although he reportedly supported Bernie Sanders early on, he publicly supported Hillary Clinton. However, Hayden did not live to see the results of the election. After a lengthy illness and a stroke, Hayden died on October 23, 2016, in Santa Monica, California. He left behind a large volume of published work, as well as a legacy of pushing for progress, even (and especially) when it went against the Ã¢â¬Å"establishmentÃ¢â¬ thinking. Sources Finnegan, Michael. Ã¢â¬Å"The radical inside the system: Tom Hayden, protester-turned-politician, dies at 76.Ã¢â¬ The Los Angeles Times, 23 October 2016, https://www.latimes.com/local/obituaries/la-me-tom-hayden-snap-story.html.McFadden, Robert D. Ã¢â¬Å"Tom Hayden, Civil Rights and Antiwar Activist Turned Lawmaker, Dies at 76.Ã¢â¬ The New York Times, 24 October 2016, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/25/us/tom-hayden-dead.html.Schaffer, Scott. Ã¢â¬Å"Tom Hayden: American Activist and Author.Ã¢â¬ Encyclopaedia Brittanica, 7 December 2018, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Tom-Hayden.
Monday, May 18, 2020
The CASL or Comprehensive Assessment of spoken and language was administered by two student clinicians. The Test consists of 15 sub tests in the domains of comprehension, expression, and retrieval in the 4 categories of semantics, syntax, supra-linguistics, and pragmatics.. These sub tests are then divided into core or supplementary categories. Core tests are meant to determine basic language components where as supplementary test are meant to convey further information for a diagnosis. Depending on the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s age, the test can take between thirty minutes to an hour and a half to administer, but overall is not a difficult test and yields useful results. A variety of different factors where taken into account when norming the CASL. The age group used was between 3.0 to 21.11 years, and taken from most areas of the country including the Northeast, northwest, central, and west. Fifty percent of these participants were male and fifty percent were female. Almost 70% of this ref erence population identified as white while about 20% of the reference population was either Hispanic or African American. Based on these norms this test may be better for some populations rather then others. For example, if a clinician has a Hispanic boy from Texas, she may want to use a different test, or at least keep these norms in mind when scoring. Because this test is normed on a large portion of the population, even with a price of about 500 dollars, many clinics would find this test useful toShow MoreRelatedEnglish Controlled Assessment spoken language Essay1413 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿English Controlled Assessment The English language, although used by almost all across the United Kingdom, has been mutated and altered in so many ways that sometimes we cannot even understand it ourselves. One of the main factors that affects our understanding of the language is oneÃ¢â¬â¢s regional accent. Although most words and phrases will be comprehensible some phonetics may have changed so much that all we can do is hope that the context of what has been said makes sense in order for us to Ã¢â¬ËfillRead MoreThe Autism Screening Instrument For Educational Planning1400 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen diagnosing autism spectrum disorder, it is crucial for the professional evaluating the child to know about the disorder. This is why speech-language pathologists normally play a part in the diagnosis. Other members of the team may include occupational therapists, physical therapists, pediatricians, and neurologists. Since problems with communication and social skills are early symptoms of this disorder, SLPs play a main role in the diagnosis and should be consulted early in the evaluationRead MoreDifference Between Speaking And Writing1429 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontext and is reliant o n context. When spoken, language is a form of behaviour made up of different dialects and morality. The context has a dramatic influence; language changes by different situations that a person is exposed to, Formal and informal, social events, professional events or cultural influence of which English is spoken or written. Each context exposes different surroundings and people in which are part of the communication. Different uses of language within the same context can be differentRead MoreGlobal Perspective Within Education : Assessment Task 2 : Unit Of Inquiry1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEducation Assessment Task 2: Unit of Inquiry Part 1 Individual Component Concepts and understandings The concepts of this unit is for students to discover their learning are from a global perspective, particularly in environment exploitation and social responsibility. As the unit is designed for both Japanese and Chinese LOTE language class, specific issues are being introduced and facilitated for students to explore. At the same time, both classes will compare each target language countryRead MoreThe Irish Culture And The Person I Interviewed1316 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesarea. Assessment of Communication Factors The national language of this country is Gaelic and is still fluently spoken today. English is also widely spoken in Ireland and is considered official language spoken by many (Newman-Giger, 2013). In the United States Gaelic is not spoken and has been lost over the years. With English being spoken in Ireland communication issues are very minimal. This culture tends to be one that is very big on conversation. Certain words and body language holds differentRead MoreThe Importance Of Literacy And Student Achievement964 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescomprehension, motivation, and assessment will be incorporated into the art unit, developing transferable skill sets that can be utilized in multiple disciplines and life outside of the school. The science of reading According to Reutzel (2013) reading is intertwined with many other developmental accomplishments: attention, memory, language, and motivation. Basic concepts and strategies include phonemic awareness and the ability to focus on and manipulate phonemes in spoken words and phonics childrenRead MoreSummary And Discussion Of English1667 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesListening The focus on oral language especially, speaking and listening, in the NSW English Syllabus K-10 is created so that language learning is recursive and develops through our expansive contexts. The resources accompanying speaking and listening ensure students are using metalanguage, phonology, morphology and syntax. Ã¢â¬ËThe aim of English in Years KÃ¢â¬â10 is to enable students to understand and use language effectively, appreciate, reflect on and enjoy the English language and to make meaning in waysRead MoreDifference Between Spoken And Written English984 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLanguage is how humans communicate with each other. It is what distinguishes us from animals. From birth a humanÃ¢â¬â¢s life revolves around language. It is part of each culture and with approximately 6500 different languages spoken around the world, language is part of what constructs the world in which we live. (Emmitt, 2010). With English being the second generally spoken language in the world, itÃ¢â¬â¢s easy to see how this one type of language could be spoken and written differently. Changes withinRead MoreUsing The Four Resource Model Developed By Luke And Freebody1302 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesclass room there is often a hum of students, talking about books they are reading and working together in small groups using digital as well as print text. The students are more culturally and linguistically diverse, many have English as a second language (ESL). This Critical- reflective essay will explore using the four resource model developed by Luke and Freebody, focusing on; how young children learn to read, the four roles within the resources model are Code breaker, text user, text participantRead MoreIntroduction The Cultural Nurse Care: . Nursing Has A Powerful1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesadaptation of skills. The cultural assessment: The data gained from a cultural assessment will help the patient and nurse to formulate a commonly acceptable, culturally responsive treatment plan. The elementary premise of the cultural assessment is that patients have a right to their cultural beliefs, values, and practices and that these factors should be understood, respected, and considered when giving culturally competent care. The first step in cultural assessment is to learn about the meaning of
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
In the 2013 movie, Now You See Me, the trick that the Four Horsemen used to established themselves as well as to steal the audience away was the bank robbery trick. The trick was simple, the Horsemen would teleport a random person to his or her bank and after that, just with a simple push of a button, all of the money in the bank would be transfer to the stage and everyone in the audience can keep it. In the end, everything went exactly according to plan, the Horsemen stole the money, the audience kept the money and everyone was happy. So, it is safe to conclude that money can buy someone happiness? According to professor of psychology David G. Myers, it canÃ¢â¬â¢t. In his article Ã¢â¬Å"The Funds, Friends, and Faith of Happy PeopleÃ¢â¬ , published inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This means that for the future generations, they are willing to pass out on the chance building a fulfilling life, they are willing to dismiss on the chances of becoming an expert on their own field, th ey are willing to deny the idea of family, which was thought to be the happy ending for most people of past generations, just so that they can earn a little bit more, just so that they can feel safe with their financial status. And let say that they continue with this thought process into their adult life, what do they exactly get? According to one Gallup Poll that Mr. Myers provided, even when they are well off financially, they still want more, Ã¢â¬Å"One in two women, two in three men, and four in five people earning more than $75,000 reported they would like to be richÃ¢â¬ . Meaning that for the future generations, when they reached the safety point of the bank account, they still want more, not happiness with themselves, not a family to be rely on, not being experts in their field of professions, the thing that they crave for more is only money. As a demonstration, turns on the TV, or just any smartphones and laptops and pay attention, just a little bit and everyone will noti ce what is beingShow MoreRelatedMoney Can Buy Happiness945 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCan money buy you happiness? It is a classical debate, sparked by the left-wing communists and religious leaders who suggest that a person can live a full life without the pursuit of money, and instead one must look to a more spiritual existence above the material desires. It is perhaps conceivable in a century gone by where people grew all their food and believed in witches, that a human could forge a fulfilling existence without the need of money to satisfy our desires. However in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s societyRead MoreMoney Can Buy You Happiness936 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany people say that money cant buy you happiness, well I donÃ¢â¬â¢t find that to be true. Having a large amount of money has become a dream in many peoples lives. Although money can buy you thing you want to make you happy, happiness is only bought by the people you surround your self with. Many people are convinced that money can buy a pe rson happiness, however most happiness comes from families and friends. Money can buy you happiness because, money can buy you security, stress free, healthcare, andRead MoreThe Article Don t Indulge945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswe are satisfied with our happiness? The question never arose until someone mentions it to you. What will make you happiest? I agree with the article Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Indulge. Be Happy.Ã¢â¬ by Dunn and Norton who state that what we do with our money plays more of an important role to our happiness than how much money we make. Throughout the article it made me realize things I never really payed any attention to, like the fact that money canÃ¢â¬â¢t buy happiness. No matter how much money we make, no matter how richRead MoreCan Money Buy Happiness?1110 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCan Money buy Happiness? Money is peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s number one priority. It enables them to purchase food, clothing, and shelter. Money can buy anything with a price on it, but can it buy happiness? Happiness is not an item you can buy, it is something you can feel. Money cannot bring you happiness, only satisfaction. We learn growing up not everything in this world is free. Money can only give you a short term of happiness. When you buy everything you want, you do not have anything to look forwardRead MoreMoney Can Buy The Pursuit Of Happiness968 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages MONEY When it comes to the topic of money granting happiness, most of us readily agree that it can because it gives us status, value, and happiness in societyÃ¢â¬â¢s modern culture. Where this agreement usually ends, however, is on the question of money not being able to buy the pursuit of happiness. Whereas some are convinced that money grants once in a lifetime experience, medical help for loved ones, and pleasurable life necessities, others are convinced that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t need money to be happy andRead MoreAnalysis Of Money In The Great Gatsby1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHappiness of Money (Literary analysis on The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald) Gold diggers are commonly known as women that only go after a guy because of the money that he has. The said women doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t even need to love the man just to have the money is enough to keep her around on him. Often times there is a man that really does like this lady, but because he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have money he never gets with her. What if this man without the money decide he would do anything to get money to impress theRead MoreAn Essay About Happiness, Money, And Culture962 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesever felt happy when you came across money? Have you heard that saying money canÃ¢â¬â¢t buy you happiness? How did you felt when you came across money? Sad? Happy? Confused? When you think about happiness do you involved it with money? Well, here it is something to think about. Steve R. Baumgardner and Marie K. Crothers are the authors of Positive Psychology and wrote an essay about happiness, money, and culture. In Positive Psychology, the essay of Ã¢â¬Å"Happiness, Money, and Cu ltureÃ¢â¬ this essay uses, rhetoricalRead MoreHappiness Essay1131 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmakes a person happy? Happiness is an endless path in life. Everyone has a different opinion about what makes them happy. People have always been attentive to the issue of what makes humans happy. However, getting a large amount of money is a pursuit for many people, especially the young generation around the world. In the article, Ã¢â¬Å"Get HappyÃ¢â¬ by Walter Mosley, he states how, Ã¢â¬Å"Happiness is considered by most to be a subset of wealthÃ¢â¬ (87). Quote above explains how money is the first thing thatRead MoreThe Night I Learned That Money Can Not Buy Happiness906 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"That Was the Night I learned that Money can Not Buy HappinessÃ¢â¬ Ten years ago. One night I meet my friends at a coffee shop which we spend our time there weekly. It was a high-class coffee shop and expensive. Most of people there were rich. My friends are rich, so they do not care about spending their money for anything because their parents will give them more. I am from Middle class family and I collect all my money for the week to spend it with them at the coffee shop in the weekend. When IRead MoreMoney Can Buy You Happiness1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2016 that amount of money grew tremendously. That shows that many popular people in America donate to charities and help people that are in need. By helping the people that need money that gain more happiness because they did something that would really help a large amount of people. While most people say you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need money to be happy. Well, I say that money can buy you happiness. Money can buy you happiness by helping people, donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to worry about your finances and you can also live a healthy
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Abortion What is abortion? An abortion is a medical or surgical procedure used to terminate a pregnancy. A medical abortion is an abortion that is brought about by taking medications that will end a pregnancy. (1) A Surgical abortion is an abortion which ends a pregnancy by emptying the uterus (or womb) with special instruments. (1) Some of the reasons for a woman to get an abortion may be that they cant afford a/another child, health reason of the childs or her own safety, social reasons such as unwanted child or not ready for having a child, and rape or incest. Abortions performed in the seven to nine weeks of the first trimester are medical abortions. (2) All abortions after nine weeks are surgical abortions. Surgical abortions areÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When it comes to the evidence that he uses in his article mostly came from personal evidence with more opinionated evidence. There is very little actual and proven factual evidence, but of what little there is, I can see no ne that is unbiased. For example If we consider what it is rather than what it might become, we must acknowledge that the embryo under three months is something far more primitive than a frog or a fish. To compare it to an infant is ludicrous. (4) This is accurate, yet very biased and I feel that it is not very necessary, but does help with his point of view. One influence that I believe affects the way he thinks about this topic may be because he is an objectivist, which is a type of philosophy. For instance Rights, in Ayn Rands words, do not pertain to a potential, only to an actual being. A child cannot acquire any rights until it is born. (4) Ayn Rand is the creator of Objectivism and was his mentor; it is because of this that I believe that he is Pro-choice. Since the embryo or fetus is technically not a human being, but an embryo or fetus, and the Metaphysics of Objectivism states that Existence Exists, A is A, a human is a human, an embryo is an embryo...ect... and a embry o is not a human. (5) e. What perception of the topic do I think this author has? B. Kerby Anderson author of Arguments Against Abortion. In the article by Kerby Anderson he uses many different points of views and evidenceShow MoreRelatedMedical Ethics And Abortion : A Moral And Ethical Dilemma Essay1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMedical Ethics and Abortion Abortion is wrong because it is the murder of a human being. Abortion continues to be a moral and ethical dilemma for all those involved. The American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics states, Ã¢â¬Å"nurses have the ethical and moral obligation to promote and protect life.Ã¢â¬ Still, debates continue, opposing the belief of life against the principle of autonomy and a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s right to regulate her body. It is disputable that the right to have an abortion is a right to dominateRead MoreEthics: Nursing and Abortion1645 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDupin, Jenifer June 8, 2013 Ethics/ Research Proposal The Ethics for Nurses in Abortion Procedures Working in the field of abortion isnÃ¢â¬â¢t an easy task furthermore participating in the abortion procedures. But the field of nursing you have to follow a code of ethics, a set of rules and regulation. Nurses have their personal opinions about abortion, but because they are health professionals and their opinions are sought as such, they are obligated to understand why they hold certain views. NursesRead MoreThe Right to Choose1801 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesYet any particular benefits must be measured in terms of their moral and ethical impacts, in order to ensure that such technology is not mistakenly applied and produces detrimental effects in humanity. The question of morality as related to prenatal testing (which is intrinsically linked to genetics), therefore, is a fairly controversial one, especially when the issue of selective abortion is brought up. Selective abortion, of course, is the willful termination of a fetus due to information providedRead MoreThe Five Ethical Principles On A Macro Scale899 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Debate for Abortion Using the Five Ethical Principles on a Macro Scale Debate of Abortions has been a touchy subject for years encompassing personal, social, religious and ethical principles. The focus of this paper will be ethical principles as laid out in Zastrow, C Kirst-Ashman, K Ã¢â¬Å"Understanding Human Behavior and the Social EnvironmentÃ¢â¬ . Using these principles as a guide to how abortion could be viewed on a macro level. Taking a look at the first ethical principle a need to protect lifeRead MoreThe Issue Of Abortion : Comparative Views1393 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Issue of Abortion: Comparative Views in Judaism and Islam In our present day, physicians and patients alike have concentrated on establishing a set of universal standards to guide clinical decision making. However, these standards ignore the critical role of religion in dealing with such bioethical issues. As abortion continues to turn into a more prominent topic of discussion and debate, it is critical for us to understand these religious belief systems in order to cross over value conflictsRead MoreThe Act Utilitarian Theory And Abortion Essay1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Act-Utilitarian Theory and Abortion Morgan Romy Stark State College General Overview According to our class text Doing Ethics (Vaughn, Abortion, 2015, p. 163) Ã¢â¬Å"Abortion (also called induced abortion) is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy by surgical or medical (with drugs) means.Ã¢â¬ Abortion in America is heavily debated in politics, religion, and family values. It seems that abortion strikes people to the core because it challenges your deepest moral beliefs. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a matter ofRead MoreThe Ethical Dilemma On Abortion1703 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMuldrow CWV-101 6/22/15 Professor James Waddell Ethical Dilemma on Abortion There are many common pregnancy alternatives, but most often the resulting decision is abortion because it is effortless. Abortion is endings a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s pregnancy by removing or forcing a fetus or embryo from the motherÃ¢â¬â¢s womb before it is able to survive on its own. Not all abortions are purposely done some are spontaneous like when a women that has a miscarriage. Rather abortion is done purposely or naturally it is a worldwideRead MoreHuman Nature And Ethics : Abortion Essay1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Kylie Morel Ethical Paper- Abortion Due: 11-16-16 Human Nature and Ethics Abortion Abortion, defined by Merriam WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s dictionary as, Ã¢â¬Å"the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetusÃ¢â¬ is a highly discussed and debated topic. The subject has been particularly prevalent in the news recently due to the election of our 45th president and the debates leading up to it. The topic of full term abortions has been a particularlyRead MoreThe Ethics And Ethics Of Abortion1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAGAISNT ABORTION Abortion has been one of the most debated social and political topics since it was made legal in South Africa. Through the application of different philosophical arguments this paper will showcase in detail if abortion is either immoral or permissible using ethical underpinnings (cite 2). In this essay abortion will be defined as the deliberate removal of a fetus from the womb of a human female through the request of the mother resulting in the death of the fetus. Abortions are thusRead MoreThe Social Issue Of Abortion1522 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe purpose of this paper is to reflect on the social issue of abortion that was presented in the Daily Mail (Macrae, 2012), in response to a scientific article addressing before and after birth abortion (Gubilini Minerva, 2012). The paper will explore the views and disagreements about social aspect of abortion in respect to Ã¢â¬Å"subjectsÃ¢â¬ of this discussion, the newborn and unborn. Loseke (2005) notes, Ã¢â¬Å"Social problems are ab out disagreementsÃ¢â¬ ¦ conditions, and they are about people in these conditionsÃ¢â¬
Therapeutic Hypothermia for Cardiac Arrest Jaime Bromley Jefferson College of Health Sciences Hypothermia is a decrease in the core temperature below 35 degrees Celsius or 95 degrees Fahrenheit. There are various medical uses for hypothermia. Therapeutic hypothermia is the only proven effective treatment for post cardiac arrest patients. We will write a custom essay sample on Therapeutic Hypothermia for Cardiac Arrest Patients or any similar topic only for you Order Now Hypothermia decreases the amount of cerebral oxygen needed and also lessens the inflammatory response post cardiac arrest. This prevents brain damage and death in patients. There were two major studies done on this topic. One in Europe and one in Australia; they showed very positive outcomes for the patients who were treated with therapeutic hypothermia. More of the patients who received the hypothermic treatment survived compared to those who did not; also patients treated with hypothermia had less brain damage upon hospital discharge. Sudden cardiac arrest is a major health concern in the United States; there are more than 400,000 incidents annually (AHA, 2011). Only five to thirty percent of patients survive hospitalization and make it to hospital discharge (AHA, 2011). Doctors are now discovering the highly effective treatment of doctor induced hypothermia for cardiac arrest patients. Hypothermia is defined as a decrease in the core body temperature below 35 degrees Celsius or 95 degrees Fahrenheit (Ward, 2011). It is then characterized by whether it occurred accidentally or if it was induced purposefully. There are multiple uses for medically induced hypothermia. Doctor induced hypothermia is the most effective therapeutic treatment for out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest patients suffer from ischemic brain injury leading to poor neurologic outcomes and death. Doctors will begin to cool patients as soon as recirculation begins. Therapeutic hypothermia works by decreasing the cerebral oxygen consumption. During cardiac arrest circulation does not occur, therefor the vital organs are not adequately perfused. When resuscitation happens circulation resumes and reperfusion occurs. Reperfusion is associates with free radical formation (AHA, 2011). Mild hypothermia blocks intracellular effects from high calcium concentrations and lessens the inflammatory response after cardiac arrest (Ward, 2011). In 2002 the results of two randomized trials were published that compared mild hypothermia with normothermia in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. One study was done in five European countries; the other was conducted in four hospitals in Australia (University of Chicago, 2008). In the European study the patients were cooled to the target range of 32 to 34 degrees Celsius (University of Chicago, 2008). They were kept at that temperature for 24 hours, and then passive warming would begin (University of Chicago, 2008). Six months after cardiac arrest 75 of the 137 hypothermic patients had positive results; and were able to live independently and able to work (University of Chicago, 2008). Whereas with the normothermia patients only 54 of the 137 patients survived six months after their cardiac arrest (University of Chicago, 2008). With the Australian study the patients were cooled to 33 degrees Celsius, kept at that temperature for 18 then active rewarming would begin (University of Chicago, 2008). The results of the Australian study, 21 of the 43 patients treated with hypothermia had good neurological function at discharge compared to nine of 34 patients who were normothermic post cardiac arrest (University of Chicago, 2008). There are various techniques used to cool patients; currently there is not one technique that stands out over the rest in ease of use and high efficiency. Before the cooling procedure can begin the patient is given a sedative and a neuromuscular blocker to prevent shivering. There are multiple external techniques such as cooling blankets, ice packs, wet towels, and a cooling helmet; however all of these are slow to cool core temperature (University of Chicago, 2008). An intravascular heat exchange device has recently become available; this machine enables rapid cooling and precise temperature control (University of Chicago, 2008). During the whole cooling and rewarming process the patient is closely monitored and their temperature is taken regularly. Not every person who has sudden cardiac arrest is able to receive hypothermic therapy. There are multiple restrictions, and each hospital has its own protocol to follow. Some of the common exclusions are pregnancy, core temperature of less than 30 degrees Celsius post arrest, and known clotting disorders (AHA, 2011). In order to receive hypothermic treatment the patient must be at least 18 years of age, female patients must have a documented negative pregnancy test, cardiac arrest with return of spontaneous circulation, and the blood pressure can be maintained at 90mmHg (AHA, 2011). With the use of therapeutic hypothermia treatment many people have been given a second chance at life. Doctors and scientists are making great strides in refining the technique needed to successfully treat patients with hypothermic therapy. Ward, J. 2011). Therapeutic hypothermia for victims of cardiopulmonary arrest. AARC Times. 35 (10), 36-46. American Heart Association. (2011). Therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Retrieved April 15, 2011 from http://circ. ahajournals. org/content/108/1/118. full#sec-9 University of Chicago CPR committee. (2008). Therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest. Retrieved April 14, 2011 from http://www. med. upenn. edu/resuscitation/hypothermia/documents/Hypothermia%20Protocol %20Univ%20of%20Chicago%202008. pdf How to cite Therapeutic Hypothermia for Cardiac Arrest Patients, Papers
Question: Discuss About The Headspace Is The Organization Which Works? Answer: Introduction Headspace is the organisation which works for the ill heath, where depression is considered as a major alarming story for the patients. With the change in the technology, it has been possible for the different sectors to work on the economy growth which has also made the life easier. With this, there are different health sectors that have been reaped heavily with the proper technology development. IT specialists work on the healthcare factors where the focus is on working tirelessly to make sure that the incorporate information technology is set in the health sector. The health services are important for the health community. (Kennedy et al., 2014). Hence, for this, the electronic and the communication processes are also important. Headspace is based on working with the major advancement in the incorporation of the clinical education, research and the administrative purposes that are mainly without any geographical limitations. This will help in improving the delivery of health servi ces in and around the country. The major question is about how the new product work towards the development management for the health industry with the better health care provision. Problem Statement Headspace has been focusing on how the human beings are not able to remain immune to the sickness or any other health related problems. (Paxton et al., 2015). They are generally seen to be sick where they are visiting the doctor once in a while. The doctor also must take down information related to the storage of the information, with the check on how there is a possible to ask the patient for the medical history the storing of the information and then accessing them could help in analysing whether the person is in depression or not. Through this, there is a possibility to store all the other information as well to scrutinize about the persons image. The manual storage is based on the crucial information which is about how the patients are interfered with the smooth sharing and Woking. The system needs to work on storing the information and making sure that there is a smooth processing as well. For this, the system needs to be working depending upon the development of health record s ystem. The program aims to improve and identify the problems with the closure of the gaps in the health sector. Capabilities This includes the project information to be stored as per the requirement. Through the application, there is a possibility that the patient visit could be scheduled through mobile phones as and when the doctor is free. The information of the health could also be stored online, thereby allowing to cover the medical history of the patient. The online system is mainly to allow the patient for choosing the system requirements with the freewill to restrict any information that is in the system. (Legido et al., 2013). The system also allows the patient to control the view depending upon the information profile and handle the restrictions of the number. This will ensure confidentiality stored in the system and the sharing will help in improving the manual system of the hospital. Benefits Through this, there is a possibility of increased efficiency with the proper functioning of the online system of health records that are more than the manual system. The main objective is to cover the project development to make sure that there is a possibility to work on the efficiency of the system and make sure that this will help in the easy delivery of the health services. The efficiency of the system will help in saving the time and the informations needs. The doctor of the healthcare giver also need to focus on the accessing of the online system with searching the patient and then accessing the profile as well. (Jee et al., 2013). Conclusion In my conclusion, the health records of the program are important for the storage of information with easy breakthrough to the health care industry. The programs are related to the Australian community needs which include improvement of the delivery of the healthcare services. The projected implementation is found through the delivery of quality and the health services are set at a reduced cost, with enhanced confidentiality of the information of patient. Reference Jee, K., Kim, G. H. (2013). Potentiality of big data in the medical sector: focus on how to reshape the healthcare system. Healthcare informatics research,19(2), 79-85. Kennedy, B., Bartlett, R. (2014).U.S. Patent No. 8,788,293. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Legido-Quigley, H., Otero, L., la Parra, D., Alvarez-Dardet, C., Martin-Moreno, J. M., McKee, M. (2013). Will austerity cuts dismantle the Spanish healthcare system?.BMJ: British Medical Journal (Online),346. Paxton, E. W., Inacio, M. C., Singh, J. A., Love, R., Bini, S. A., Namba, R. S. (2015). Are there modifiable risk factors for hospital readmission after total hip arthroplasty in a US healthcare system?.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research,473(11), 3446-3455.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Write the reflective account followingthe Gibbs model of reflection. Answer: Reflective accounts Here to write the Reflective accounts I am following the Gibbs model of reflection (Lawrence et al., 2013). This is the Gibbs model of reflection (1988). The report is written by following the model. Description Dr. A is practicing from last year. He lives with his family. He is a complete family man and he lives with his family. He has faced a patient few months ago, Mr. B. He was 65 years old. He has faced Dementia a few months ago (Incorrect Description, 2013). When he came to my chamber he was complaining that he is forgetting things frequently and this thing is giving him a severe headache. He is facing this from last few weeks. He is weak person by heart. So, it is well enough to frighten him. He entered in chamber with a threatened face and with a mild ache in his head. The family doesnt have that kind of diseases. He is first person in his family who is having such problems. He was forced to come to my chamber. His son said that Mr. B is forgetting few things and he was now not that able to think and make perfect plans. Mr. B was ignoring this signs but his is son is aware about the disease and he forced him to visit the doctors chamber. I discussed the social situation with him and I came to know that he was a retired person. He has a married son. But he was working in an organisation to help the needy people. For this purpose he had to make some effective plans. He was not able to make those plans though he was an expert in making those plans. Last thing which I came to know is that he had lost his wife a few months before. While examining Mr. B I pointed out the problems. Being a doctor I knew that the dementia is increasing day by day. The higher population of the older people made that count larger. This disease doesnt show its negative aspects in earlier stages but it gives its worst result at last. So, my main motive was to identify the primary symptoms. I found that Mr. B is having some mental problems. They are- Mr. B is losing his memory (Announcement, 2015). He is having some difficulties in communicating with people. He was losing his mental ability to pay serious attention to any project. He was very good in such works but he was not able to do those works. He was in a post where he had to make decisions, give judgements. He was not that expert in our first meeting (Value judgements, 2011). He was losing his visual power which is natural after a certain period, but here in this case i thought that it is a symptom of dementia. Feelings The symptoms I got from his daily life. This is not that disease which gives the patients too much headache or stomach ache or any kind of pain. This disease increases in the brain slowly and makes its worst result with the time. Mr. B often forgot to take his wallet. He was facing some difficulty while talking to me. I asked few questions to him for which he had to think properly. He didnt make that. Last thing what I did, I took an examination of his eyes. I noticed that he is facing some disability in that part also (Barile, 2014). Looking in the symptoms and at the present condition in Australia I thought that it is case of dementia. I felt that I have made a proper diagnosis and the next thing hic hi had to do the proper treatment of the patient, Mr. B. This was the first case of dementia to me. So, it was a challenge to me that I had to the best possible treatment which a doctor can give to his patients. Evaluation While giving treatment to Mr. B I faced both type of experience. Sometimes I felt like I was in heaven and sometimes I thought this is the worst thing which I am facing right now (Evaluation Sources, 2015). Good experience I prescribed some medicine and some therapy to Mr. B. Sometimes they worked properly. The sign of this thing is he entered my chamber with a smile. After that what he he picked out his wallet and used to say me that he didnt forget to take his wallet that day and any prescribed medicines were working properly. That smile was the real fees to me. Some recovery was done according to me (Jing, 2015). The good thing to any kind of professional that they are doing the appropriate thing what they have leant from the past. They are here to apply those studies in real life. The best experience in that case was I detected the disease at the very earlier stage. This helps me in the treatment very much. Apart from that Mr. B was getting busy in his daily life. There was a time where he lost himself but he is coming back into his normal life. Though it is a disease which cannot be cure properly, it can be reduced only. I think I did my best to reduce the effect of this disease. Bad experience The bad thing in this case what I experienced the violence of the patient. This decease make the patient to forget the bad memories and the patients only remembers the good things in their life. Often Mr. B forgets that his wife was no more. He thought that my treatment makes him to stay away from his wife. Some times when the decease shows its presence Mr. B wants to meet his wife and when he didnt find his wife he used to say bad words to me. It was not his fault. The decease forced him to do such things. But still when you are helping someone and he is saying bad words to you it hurts (Vestal, 2012). Analysis In this part of the analysis of the whole part is done. What I have experienced what steps I have taken to make the diagnosis. While examining Mr. B I pointed out the problems. Being a doctor I knew that the dementia is increasing day by day. The higher population of the older people made that count larger. This disease doesnt show its negative aspects in earlier stages but it gives its worst result at last. So, my main motive was to identify the primary symptoms. I found that Mr. B is having some mental problems. I have experienced both good and bad experience. Mr. B was getting busy in his daily life. There was a time where he lost himself but he is coming back into his normal life. Though it is a disease which cannot be cure properly, it can be reduced only. I think I did my best to reduce the effect of this disease (Analysis Title Page, 2014). In this step I have done some tests to know the actual condition of my patient. There are some tests which are very much essential to do. These tests took only 5-15 minutes to complete. These help me to monitor my patient and to prescribe him he needs. I have done three tests mainly. These are Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Abbreviated Mental Test Core (AMTS) (Lam, Wong and Woo, 2010) and the Modified Mini Mental State Examination (3MS) (Karch, 2015). These were the prime tests which I have done. I have done other tests like Cognitive Abilities Screening instrument (CASI), the Trail-making Test and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) test. These tests helped me to reach at a better conclusion. Among the tests the MOCA is the test which used to make some screening test. It is a liable test too. The MMSE test is a common test which is done every where dementia found. These tests are to check the sensitivity of the patients and to identify the exact problematic area. All the tests were done successfully (Rosa da Silva, 2010). Apart from this I had know the daily habits of Mr. B. Because of that I made a questioner which I gave to Mr. B to fill that up. The Questioner helped me a lot to know about the daily life of my patient. This process is called Informant Questioner on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly. This is tool of this treatment and this is a successful tool. A survey said that in 90% case the tool has made an effective result (Clements and Stoye, 2014). There are some laboratory tests also like routine blood tests (Lab on a Chip 200th Issue, 2014). This test is done to know about the vitamin level in the blood. The decease occurs because the brain doesnt get its food and become ill. So, it is necessary to know about the vitamin levels in the blood (Shankar, 2013). This ensures that the brain is getting its food and no further damage is done. The blood test includes vitamin B12, folic acid test, full blood count, TSH, calcium, renal function and the lever enzymes. These entire tests are done. Another reason of the blood test is to monitor that the prescribed medicines are harmful to the body or not. Is the medicines are harmful. Monitoring the small steps assures that the worst result will not come soon (Mastilovic, 2010). I have done the CT scan and the MRI scan to the Pressure hydrocephalus. Is the pressure is normal. . The change doesnt show the neurological problems it is done to know the above mentioned pressure is normal or not. This pressure is a main reason of the decease. So, it was obvious to check the pressure, if it is normal or not. The test shows that which type of dementia the patient have (Rahme and Bojanowski, 2010). There are so many tests like the SPECT and the PET test. These are also the clinical tests but I felt that these are not necessary. From the above tests I have got all of my information. These are done to examine the carbon-11 (Kenny and Kelly, 2003). I prescribed some medicine to maintain the normal vitamin level in the body. By analysing his questioner I prescribed him to make some change in the daily life. I told him to medicate. Not only that I guided him in some healthy computerised training. I thought this process will help my patient in improving his memory. I put my best effort to make my patient out of this decease (Baarda, 2012). Palliative care For this kind of treatment palliative care is most important. These help the patient to improve mental condition. This dementia leads the patients to a mental and physical loss. So, care is very important in this case. They have to treat with great care. They need mental support in this stage. By way of counselling I did my best and I thought that the result will be positive and it was a positive outcome. From the questioner from I came to know about the goals of my patient. This helps me to make the counselling more effective (McKenna and Clark, 2015). Psychological therapies The therapy includes the music therapy, reminiscence therapy etc. These type of therapy helps to give a better atmosphere to the patient. I prescribed it also. This improves the mental condition of the mental condition to the victims. So, I referred this also. The abnormal activity of the persons in reduced in this process. The music therapy also helps to maintain the pressure of the patients. It helps the patients to control their anger. My patient often remembered his dead wife and this not possible to produce her in front of him. At that time my patient acted like a wild animal. He was on fire at that time. Even my counselling was ineffective at that particular time. So, I prescribed music therapy to my patient. It helps me a lot in this case. By listening the music the rude behaviour was reduced a lot. Thus I got help from that therapy (Maguire, 2012). Conclusion In the above part I have made described what I have done earlier. In this part of Gibbs model of reflection (1988) I will discuss what steps were there which I could take. As I said before there are so many tests like the SPECT and the PET test (Krause, 2008). These are also the clinical tests but I felt that these are not necessary. From the above tests I have got all of my information. These are done to examine the carbon-11. I didnt think that the test is required. Eating difficulties My patient often makes trouble while eating. This was vey injurious to his physical and mental health. Lack of vitamins in the body allows the decease to make his appearance in a better way. It was possible to feed him with feeding tube. But I didnt do that. I thought it can injure him. The tube could increase the vitamins and it could improve the health also. But I didnt (Richardson et al., 2015). Pain This is a common thing that the old aged people face a severe pain in their body. Like all other older people my patient was also suffering from this. Like all other he was also avoiding this and at time of treatment he didnt tell me that. That can happen that he is suffering from the decease dementia, and this decease kill the felling of pain. So, he didnt have that idea that he is suffering from pain. So, I prescribed him some therapy to take on. I didnt think that he took those therapies. I think that I could have done much better in this particular case (Bowsher, 2005). Action Plan In this part of the Gibbs model of reflection (1988) it is said that the future measurement plans in case of the decease come again (Allergy action plan, 2013). If the decease come again I shall take the authentically steps of treatment. I will not take any kind of steps which is injurious to the patient or which is not acceptable according to me. I shall take the following steps. Step 1 I will make proper diagnosis to know the actual reasons behind this. I shall look for those particular points of dementia. The symptoms are Mr. B is losing his memory or not (DOE's Losing Gamble, 2002). Is he having some difficulties in communicating with people? Is he losing his mental ability to pay serious attention to any project? Is he giving a fare judgement or is he doing his works with full attention? Is he was losing his visual power than before? Is his body is feeling the pain like a normal old man? Step 2 After that I shall make the tests and analyse the previous reports and compare the new test reports with the older one. The tests I shall prefer these steps to know the actual condition of my patient. There are some tests which are very much essential to do. These tests take only 5-15 minutes to complete. These will help me to monitor my patient and to prescribe him what he needs. I shall make three critical steps. These are Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Abbreviated Mental Test Core (AMTS) and the Modified Mini Mental State Examination (3MS). These are the prime tests which I have to do. I have to done other tests like Cognitive Abilities Screening instrument (CASI), the Trail-making Test and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) test. These tests will surely help me to reach at a better conclusion. Among the tests the MOCA is the test which used to make some screening test. It is a liable test too. The MMSE test is a common test which is done every where dementia found. T hese tests are to check the sensitivity of the patients and to identify the exact problematic area. All the tests will have to done (Gao, 2012). If I feel I will make a questioner. I shall make a questioner which will give to Mr. B to fill that up. The Questioner will help me a lot to know about the daily life of my patient. This process is called Informant Questioner on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly. This is tool of this treatment and this is a successful tool. There are some laboratory tests also like routine blood tests. This test is done to know about the vitamin level in the blood. The decease occurs because the brain doesnt get its food and become ill. So, it is necessary to know about the vitamin levels in the blood. This ensures that the brain is getting its food and no further damage is done. I have to know about the health condition of Mr. B. So, I have to prescribe the blood test. The blood test includes vitamin B12, folic acid test, full blood count, TSH, calcium, renal function and the lever enzymes. These entire tests are done. Another reason of the blood test is to monitor that the prescribed medicines are harmful to the body or not. Are they helpful? Monitoring the small steps I hope I will protect my patient from severe injury (Pacholok and Stuart, 2005). Step 3 In this step I will take help from my previous experience. I faced a mixed type of experience. I have face the good experience and as well as the bad one also. I will take help from the past test report. I will analyse the past reports again and compare the new report with the new one. I will go through the precious prescribed medicine and the result also. If I feel that I have to change those medicines I will do that. If I feel that the past record of that medicines were good I not going to change them. References Allergy action plan. (2013). Chemistry Industry, 77(5), pp.44-44. Analysis Title Page. (2014). Analysis, 74(2), pp.i3-i3. Announcement. (2015). Shap. Mem. Superelasticity. Baarda, T. (2012). And they thought that the time of his deceasehad come [TA XXIV:56]. New Testam. Stud., 58(03), pp.453-461. Barile, E. (2014). Are Background Feelings Intentional Feelings?. OJPP, 04(04), pp.560-574. Bowsher, D. (2005). Pain. Pain, 113(3), p.430. Clements, R. and Stoye, S. (2014). The 'Five Point Plan': a successful tool for reducing lameness in sheep. Veterinary Record, 175(9), pp.225-225. DOE's Losing Gamble. (2002). Science, 295(5556), pp.795d-795. Evaluation Sources. (2015). Evaluation, 21(1), pp.116-117. Gao, Q. (2012). Machinery, materials science and engineering applications. Durnten-Zurich, Switzerland: Trans Tech Publishers. Incorrect Description. (2013). JAMA, 310(11), p.1186. Jing, B. 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